Work packages

All work packages are interlinked and jointly contribute to the EuroSea vision of “a truly interdisciplinary ocean observing system that delivers the essential ocean information needed for the well-being, blue growth and sustainable management of the ocean”. Three EuroSea demonstration activities address ocean health, operational services and climate integrating the full value chain of ocean observing, data assembly and analysis, and customized downstream services. The demonstration activities are supported by all work packages ensuring crosscutting integration within the project.

Work Package 1 Governance and coordination of ocean observing and forecasting systems (WP1)

  • Leader: UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); Co-leader: European Global Ocean Observin System (EuroGOOS)
    Partners: European Marine Board (EMB), UK Met Office, Instytut Oceanologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk (IO-PAN), Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, IEEE France Section

WP1 strengthens interactions between regional, national and international observing systems, through the European Ocean Observing System Framework.

WP1 delivers foresight on ocean observing, including drivers, capabilities and latest scientific knowledge and technological feasibility. This helps EuroSea to analyze how the governance of the observing systems can best respond to the relevant legal frameworks (e.g. UNCLOS, UNFCCC, CBD) and mechanisms (e.g. National Adaptation Plan process) focusing on sustained ocean observing and fit-for-purpose ocean information products and services.

International coordination for biological and ecosystem ocean observations is supported in WP1 to respond to the critical need for improved information delivery on biological, ecological and biogeochemical Essential Ocean Variables.

WP1 improves Global Ocean Observing System’s BioEco networks in the European seas, including data flow and best practices and sets requirements for ocean observing around existing and emerging Essential Ocean Variables for biology and ecosystems, including human impacts and marine plastic litter.

WP1 improves discovery and access to ocean best practices and facilitates knowledge transfer in data assimilation and marine ecosystem analysis linking with OceanPredict.

Work Package 2 Ocean Observing System Design (WP2)

  • Leader: Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC);
    Co-leader: Ecole Normale Superieure
    Partners: Mercator Ocean International, Collecte Localisation Satellites SA (CLS), Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), Institut Mines-Télécom, OceanNext

WP2 tests the Essential Ocean Variables indicators, analyzes gaps in the existing observing systems and proposes improvements. WP2 works to deliver an integrated system design for European ocean observing and forecasting, creating synergies between the observing elements in a system thinking.

WP2 applies the systems design processes of the Global Framework for Ocean Observing in support of connected and integrated European ocean observing. It builds on the Horizon 2020 AtlantOS achievements and takes its legacy further within the Galway and Belém agreements’ objectives.

WP2 also improves the design of multi-platform observations for validation of high-resolution satellite observations optimizing the utility of these observing platforms.

Work Package 3 Network Integration and Improvements (WP3)

  • Leader: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR); Co-leader: GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
    Partners: Irish Marine Institute, Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Instituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), United Kingdom Research and Innovation, Sorbonne Université, Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), Euro-Argo ERIC, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut Francais de Recherche Pour L’Exploitation de la Mer (Ifremer), AZTI Fundazioa, Puertos de L’Estado, Norsk Institutt for Vannforskning (NIVA), EMSO ERIC, Plataforma Oceanica de Canarias (PLOCAN), Universitaet Bremen, Universidade do Porto, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dorhn, Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI), ETT SPA, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

    WP3 improves and strengthens observing networks for their optimal use. WP3 targets observing network innovations and oversees key aspects of technological integration towards higher Technology Readiness Levels and efficient data delivery.

WP3 increases integration between ocean observing networks, improves their coordination and supports data quality control and dissemination. WP3 targets the following networks: Argo (including DEEP ad BGC extensions), underwater gliders, research vessels, eulerian observations, sea level platforms, high-frequency radars, and autonomous surface vehicles.

WP3 improves the integration of data from different networks and ensures that EuroSea new or consolidated data sets (physics, biogeochemistry) are ingested in the Copernicus Marine Service and EMODnet portfolios.

WP3 develops and implements a set of standard operating procedures for long-term omic observation aligned to the GOOS Essential Ocean Variables (e.g. microbial biomass and diversity) to augmenting marine LTERs.

Work Package 4 Data integration, assimilation and forecasting (WP4)

  • Leader: Mercator Ocean International; Co-leader: Universita di Bologna
    Partners: GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Collecte Localisation Satellites SA (CLS), Instituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC), Universitetet i Bergen, Sorbonne Université, Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), AZTI Fundazioa, Puertos de L’Estado, ACRI-ST SAS

WP4 integrates all observational datasets from EuroSea into the European modelling and forecasting systems, from the global Copernicus Marine Service to the regional North East Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea systems. These consolidated in situ observation data sets will be ingested in the European modelling and forecasting systems at different space and time scales. Ensemble forecasting at regional level will be implemented specifically to extract Extreme Forecast Indices.

WP4 addresses the skill of ocean variables from the Copernicus Climate Change seasonal forecasting systems using Essential Climate Variables to develop user-relevant indicators. All new products, observational and model data, will be integrated in the Copernicus Marine Service and the Copernicus Climate Change System thus reaching Technology Readiness Levels 7 and 8.

Work Package 5 Coastal resilience and operational services demonstrator (WP5)

  • Leader: United Kingdom Research and Innovation; Co-leader: Puertos de L’Estado
    Partners: Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC), Ove Arup & Partners International Limited, Nologin Consulting, S.L., Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge

WP5 advances the collection, quality control, interpretation and use of sea level data. This will lead to new sea level and climate services. WP5 develops a consistent approach for combining sparse tide gauge data with satellite altimetry in order to deliver a spatially complete picture of sea level changes.

WP5 creates an integrated set of tools and measuring instruments as an operational service to a city and the adjacent port in order to minimize risks and improve environmental management. High-resolution operational forecast systems for wave, sea level, sea surface temperature, and circulation will be developed at all test sites.

WP5 will prototype a multi-parametric monitoring station, model the interactions between sea level hazards, economic activity and risk, by developing prototype scenario planning and visualization tools, an implement these at the pilot sites in Barcelona, Taranto and Alexandria.

Work Package 6 Ocean Health Demonstrator (WP6)

  • Leader: Irish Marine Institute; Co-leader: Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC)
    Partners: Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut (DMI), Tallinna Tehnikaulikool, Xylem-Aanderaa

WP6 works with users in Aquaculture, Fisheries, Tourism, and Environmental Agencies to co-create products that help identify and foresee Extreme Marine Events (e.g. low pH or oxygen levels and marine heat waves), supporting adaptive management decisions.

Extreme marine events are threatening marine ecosystems, resources, food security and related businesses. WP6 demonstrates the value of ocean observing and forecasting at local to regional scales, developing downstream products and services to assess marine ecosystem health and provide early warnings for blue economy industries. WP6 facilitates science-stakeholder engagement focused on Atlantic Sargassum biohazard forecasting and monitoring and helps connect the Copernicus Marine Service and ICES communities to assess existing products.

WP6 will also integrate the EuroGOOS Baltic Operational Oceanographic System and the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM) monitoring networks for a better operational oceanography system and enhanced environmental assessments in the Baltic Sea.

Work Package 7 Ocean Climate Indicators Demonstrator (WP7)

  • Leader: Mercator Ocean International; Co-leader: Instytut Oceanologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk (IO-PAN)
    Partners:
    GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC), Sorbonne Université, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW), Euro-Argo ERIC, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut Francais de Recherche Pour L’Exploitation de la Mer (Ifremer), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)


WP7 assesses the ocean role in climate through new ocean climate indicators determined in collaboration with EuroSea Work Packages 2 and 4. WP7 evaluates the economic value of the ocean carbon sink using a combined observing, integration, and dissemination approach. A dedicated task is focusing on carbon fluxes and uptake in the northwest Atlantic (Labrador and Irminger Seas) and the Western Mediterranean, two important areas for carbon uptake. The observations are augmented by Deep-Argo floats from EuroSea to generate user-relevant ocean-climate indicators.

WP7 develops information products linking ocean color data with in situ data from autonomous platforms, such as BGC-Argo, moored instrumentation and long-range autonomous surface vehicles (ASVs) deployed in EuroSea. ASVs equipped with instrumentation for high-quality carbon measurements will be sent out on a multi-month pilot mission to integrate carbon measurements, using Time-Series stations in the North (Cape Verde Ocean Observatory – CVOO) and South Atlantic (Fernando de Noronha Observatory – FNEO) for validation. An ocean color satellite-based bio-regionalization of the tropical Atlantic will be established. Biogeochemical linkages between surface physical and biogeochemical constraints and carbon surface fluxes will be established empirically through neural networks that will serve to estimate carbon fluxes for the tropical Atlantic.

Work Package 8 Communication: Engagement, Dissemination, Exploitation, and Legacy (WP8)

  • Leader: European Global Ocean Observing System (EuroGOOS); Co-leader: GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
    Partners: Irish Marine Institute, Sistema de Observacion Costero de las Illes Balears (SOCIB), Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Institute for Science and Ethics, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA)

WP8 delivers a critical support to the project and its demonstrators, assisting EuroSea in the delivery of viable and targeted outputs, displaying how EuroSea is improving the information provision to a range of users, and ensuring a lasting legacy.

The EuroSea legacy is designed from the outset to ensure the outcomes inform relevant political agendas and best practice in knowledge and technology transfer. WP8 delivers input into the ocean observation strategies within the G7, Belmont Forum and the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development.

WP8 engages with the project partners and a broad range of public and private stakeholders in co-design of the project results and outputs and their active promotion. WP8 also supports capacity development to empower strategic partnerships and support business development for sustainable blue economy.

WP8 explicitly considers governance, user and science-policy interfaces, inclusiveness, as well as gender and diversity in ocean observing and forecasting through the established set of Ethics and European Responsible Research and Innovation Principles.

Work Package 9 Project Coordination, Management and strategic ocean observing alliance (WP9)

  • Leader: GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
    Partner: Institut Francais de Recherche Pour L’Exploitation de la Mer (Ifremer)

WP9 manages the project to ensure its objectives are met efficiently, on time, and within the allocated resources, as well as that knowledge and innovation are properly managed.

WP9 provides effective reporting and communication within the project, between partners and stakeholders and between the consortium and the European Commission.

WP9 also supports connections and interfaces with other relevant EU projects.

Work Package 10 Ethics Reqiurements (WP10)

  • Leader: GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel

WP10 ensures compliance with the EuroSea ethics requirements and support collaboration with third countries.